主角:溫斯頓·丘吉爾- 英國首相







1944年5月9日 分裂的議會:保守黨VS反對黨



1944年5月10日 張伯倫下台;丘吉爾上台



1944年5月13日 丘吉爾入職宣言,議會噓聲一片



Dear speaker

On Friday evening lost , I received his Majesty’s commission to form a new administration.

It was the evident wish and will of parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis. And that it should include all parties A war cabinet has been convened. No correction has been formed.

A war cabinet has been formed of five members, representing, with the opposition parties , the unity of the nation. The three party leaders have agreed to serve either in the war cabinet or in high executive office.

With this agreement in place, I now invite the house by the resolution which stands in my name to record is approval and to declare its confidence in the new government.

It must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history . And that many preparations have to be made here at home.

Sir, I take up my task with the buoyancy and hope and to say to the House, as I have said to those who have joined the government. I have nothing to offer but blood , toil , tears and sweat.

We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many many long months of struggling and of suffering. You ask “what is our policy ?” I say it is to wage war by sea ,land and air with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us. To wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalog of human crime .

That is our policy.

Or you ask “what is our aim ?”

I can answer in one word -Victory.

Victory at all costs .

Victory in spite of all terror .

Victory however long and hard the road maybe .

For without Victory ,

There can be no survival.








1944年5月19日 國事家事-Cicero:面對逆境


I speak to you for the first time as Prime Minister in the solemn hour for the life of our country , of our empire, of all of our allies. And above all , of the cause of freedom.

A tremendous battle is raging in France and the Flanders. The Germans by a remarkable combination of air bombing and heavily armored tanks have broken through the French defenses, north of the Maginot line.

And strong columns of their armored vehicles are ravaging the open country which for the first day or two was without the defenders

However I have confidence in the French army and its leaders. Only a very small part of that splendid army have yet been heavily engaged and only a very small part of France has been invaded .

Side-by-side, the British and French peoples have advanced. To rescue not only Europe but mankind from the foulest and most soul-destroying tyranny which has ever darkened and stained of the pages of history. 

But now one bond unites us all to wage war until victory is won and never to surrender ourselves to servitude and shame.

Whatever the cost and agony maybe,

Conquer we must as conquer we shall!


1944.5.25 德軍包圍聯軍60個師,其中包括英軍全部精銳。





1944年5月26日 丘吉爾的堅持




1944年5月27日 國王的支持



和談?or not?迫在眉睫!


1944年5月28日 人民的選擇



Will you give up? No Never.

Then Out spake brave Horatius,

captain of the gate:

“To every man upon this earth

Death cometh soon or late

And how can man die better

Then facing fearful odds

For the ashes of his father

And the temples of his Gods”


1.To Outer Cabinet

This afternoon, I shall address the House on the matter of our nations security.

At this very moment, the war cabinet is drafting papers that lay out a willingness to enter into peace talks with Herr Hitler. Via his lackey  Mussolini.

I have thought very carefully in these last days. Whether it was part of my duty to consider entering into negotiations with that man.

But then I spoke with Oliver Wilson, Mrs. Jesse Sutton, Mrs.  Abigail Walker, Marcus Peters, Maurice Baker, Alice Simpson and Miss Margaret Jerome.

Brave , good,  true citizens of this kingdom.

And they argue strongly that it was idle to think if we tried to make peace now we should get better terms than if we thought it out. The Germans , Mr. Baker felt , would demand in the name of disarmament our naval bases and much else. And I think he’s right.

Jessie Sutton, speaking for money , believes we would then become a slave state. A British government which would be Hitler‘s puppet. A government set up under Mosley or some such person.

And I join with them in asking a further question. A question I now put to you

Where should we be at the end of all that?

Some may benefit. I mean the powerful might be able to parlay good terms. Preserve in their country redoubts, out of sight of the swastika flying over. Over Buckingham palace ! Over Windsor’s!And draped on these very buildings

So I come to you

I come to you to learn your minds in this grave hour.

You see it was pointed out to me by my new friends that you might even rise up and tear me down. Were I for one moment to contemplate  parlay or surrender.

Were they wrong?

Were they wrong?

Were they wrong?

(No no....)

And then I have heard you

It appears to be your will also that if this long island story of ours is to end at last, then let it end only when each one of us Lies choking in his own blood upon the ground.

2 To Parliament

Turning once again to the question of invasion, I would observe that there has never been a period in all these long centuries of which we boast. When an absolute guarantee against invasion could have been given to our people.

Hear  hear...

And I have myself full confidence that

if all do their duty

if nothing is neglected

And the best arrangements are made as they are being made

we shall prove ourselves once more able to defend our island home

to ride out the storm of war and to outlive the menace of tyranny

if necessary for years

if necessary alone

At any rate, that is what we are all going to try to do

That is the resolve of His Majesty‘s government. Every man of them that is the will of parliament in the nation

Hear hear...

The British Empire and the French republic linked together in their cause and in their need. Will defend to the death their native soil

Hear hear...

Aiding each other like good comrades to the utmost of their strength

Hear hear...

Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous states have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious apparatus of the Nazi rule.

We shall not flag or fail

we shall go on to the end

we shall fight in France

we shall fight on the seas and the oceans

We shall fight with growing confidence and growing strengths in the air

Hear hear...

We shall defend our island whatever the cost may be

Hear hear...

We shall fight on the beaches

We shall fight on the landing grounds

We shall fight in the fields and in the streets

We shall fight in the hills

We shall never surrender


And if...

And if which I do not for a moment believe , this island or large part of it were  subjugated and starving.

Then our empire beyond the seas armed and guarded by the British feet

Would carry on the struggle

until in God’s good time

the New World with all its power and Might steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old!